There are 30 multiple-choice questions in the Verbal Ability section of the GRE. These questions must be completed within 30 minutes. There are five potential answers to each of the 30 questions. These multiple-choice questions can be broken down into four categories: analogies, reading comprehension questions, sentence completions, and antonyms. Analogies consist of a pair of related words. You must identify the relationship between the two words and then select the answer choice with the two words that have the most similar relationship. There are usually seven analogy questions in the Verbal Ability section.
The reading comprehension questions are based on short passages of 200 to 300 words. These passages will be on subjects related to the social sciences, biological sciences, physical sciences, or the arts and humanities. There are usually about eight reading comprehension questions in the Verbal Ability section. Sentence completion exercises require you to select the word that best completes a given sentence. Some of the sentences may have two blanks, in which case you will be required to select two words. There are usually six sentence completion questions in the Verbal Ability section. Finally, antonym questions ask you to select the word that is most directly opposite to a given word. There are usually nine antonym questions in the Verbal Ability section of the exam.